HUGO, VICTOR-MARIE

HUGO, VICTOR-MARIE
   a famous French poet and novelist, born at Besançon; as a boy he accompanied his father, a general in Joseph Bonaparte's army, through the campaigns in Italy and Spain; at 14 he produced a tragedy, and six years later appeared his "Odes et Ballades"; in 1827 was published his famous tragedy "Cromwell," which placed him at the head of the Romanticists, and in "Hernani" (1830) the departure from the old classic novels was more emphatically asserted; his superabundant genius continued to pour forth a quick succession of dramas, novels, essays, and poems, in which he revealed himself one of the most potent masters of the French language; he was admitted to the French Academy, and in 1845 was created a peer; he engaged in politics first as a Royalist and next as a Democrat, fled to Brussels after the coup d'état; subsequently he established himself in Jersey and then in Guernsey, where he wrote his great novels "Les Misérables," "Les Travailleurs de la Mer," etc.; he returned to France in 1870, engaged in politics again, became a senator, and continued to produce works with undiminished energy; his writings were in the first instance a protest against the self-restraint and coldness of the old classic models, but were as truly a faithful expression of his own intense and assertive egoism, and are characteristic of his school in their exaggerated sentiment and pervading self-consciousness (1802-1885).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Hugo,Victor Marie — Hu·go (hyo͞oʹgō, ü gōʹ), Victor Marie. 1802 1885. French writer who went into exile after Napoleon III seized power (1851), returning to France in 1870. His novels include The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831) and Les Misérables (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hugo, Victor (-Marie) — born Feb. 26, 1802, Besançon, France died May 22, 1885, Paris French poet, dramatist, and novelist. The son of a general, he was an accomplished poet before age 20. With his verse drama Cromwell (1827), he emerged as an important figure in… …   Universalium

  • Hugo, Victor (-Marie) — (26 feb. 1802, Besançon, Francia–22 may. 1885, París). Poeta, dramaturgo y novelista francés. Hijo de un general, ya era un poeta de tomo y lomo antes de cumplir los 20 años. Su drama en verso Cromwell (1827) lo convirtió en figura importante del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hugo, Victor Marie, Vicomte — (1802 1885)    The French poet, dramatist, and novelist Victor Hugo fled to Brussels in December 1851 disguised as a workman and bearing a false passport, a committed opponent of Louis Napoléon. He wrote L Histoire d un crime (The story of a… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Hugo Victor — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor-Marie Hugo — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Marie Hugo — Victor Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo et Victor Hugo (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo, Victor — Hugo, Victor, Victor, das Haupt der romantischen Schule, einer der genialsten Dichter Frankreichs, dessen herrliche Werke in der französischen Poesie eine neue Aera begonnen haben, wurde am 26. Febr. 1892 geb., kräftigte seine Jugend unter… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Hugo, Victor — ▪ French writer Introduction in full  Victor Marie Hugo  born Feb. 26, 1802, Besançon, Fr. died May 22, 1885, Paris  poet, novelist, and dramatist who was the most important of the French Romantic writers. Though regarded in France as one of that …   Universalium

  • Victor-Marie Hugo — noun French poet and novelist and dramatist; leader of the romantic movement in France (1802 1885) • Syn: ↑Hugo, ↑Victor Hugo • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet, ↑novelist, ↑dramatist, ↑playwright …   Useful english dictionary

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